Standardized management of quantitatively packaged

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In recent years, some European countries have formulated strict standards for the management of quantitatively packaged goods, paid attention to the promotion and use of unified measurement technical specifications, and emphasized the self-discipline control and management of packaging by enterprises. It mainly includes the following contents:

1. Formulate the measurement technical regulations applicable to general quantitatively packaged goods

according to the actual situation of our country, some countries have stipulated measurement requirements for quantitatively packaged goods below 10kg (L), including packaged goods with constant and changing net content (for packaged goods with changing net content, it is required to mark the price of unit quantity), unpacked bread Cakes and packaged goods marked with net content by quantity

in order to prevent the identification of packaged goods from giving consumers an illusion, a series of nominal values of net content (such as butter: 125g, 250g, etc.) are specified for some packaged goods respectively. The manufacturer must package and label according to the specified nominal values, so that consumers can compare the quantity and price of packaged goods. It is not allowed to have labels like 123ml and 24lml, and it is not allowed to mark the scope of quantitatively packaged goods, such as 100g on one side of the packaged goods, but 100-105 or 100 ± 5g on the other side, etc

there are provisions on measuring containers and deceptive packaging, mainly requiring that the design of packaging should not give people a false impression. In Germany, if more than 30% of the packaging volume is not packaged, it is regarded as fraudulent packaging

2. Actively promote the use of E-MARK to improve the reputation of enterprises

in order to further promote the free circulation of goods and the development of trade within the European community, the European community also promotes the use of E-MARK for quantitatively packaged goods. In European Community countries, if the packaged goods marked with net content by quality and capacity meet the measurement requirements of the specified average value principle, they can voluntarily apply for the use of E-MARK on their products and accept the supervision and control of the government measurement department. When products are sold to other countries, they are generally not subject to repeated inspection

if the enterprise believes that it is unnecessary to use e-standard, the net content of its products must meet the measurement requirements of the minimum value principle, that is, the actual net content of a single packaged commodity must be greater than its nominal value, that is, there must be no negative deviation. For enterprises, the actual packaging volume needs to be greatly increased, so e-standard is widely used in quantitative packaging enterprises in European Community countries

if the packaged goods use E-MARK but fail to meet the measurement requirements of the average value principle, or do not use E-MARK but fail to meet the measurement requirements of the minimum value principle, it will be regarded as illegal and will be punished

3. Emphasize self-discipline management of enterprises

at present, there are four main modes for European countries to manage the net content of quantitatively packaged goods: market supervision and inspection; Enterprise application + government monitoring on the packaging site + market supervision and inspection; Enterprise application + government monitoring at the packaging site + market supervision and inspection + inspection of enterprise capability; Enterprise application + government monitoring at the packaging site + market supervision and inspection + inspection of enterprise capability + confirmation of enterprise

market supervision and inspection: select quantitatively packed goods in the market for sampling to check whether they meet the measurement requirements

government control on the packaging site: the government conducts sampling inspection on the packaged goods or 10000 packaged goods produced in one hour at the packaging site (production line) in accordance with legal procedures

inspection of enterprise capability: inspect the packaging equipment, technology, approved measurement methods, traceability and calibration of control equipment and instruments of the enterprise, as well as the enterprise's own management system, measurement uncertainty, retention of relevant records, etc

confirm the enterprise: the enterprise is required to implement ISO9003 as a minimum (ISO9001 is required in the future). Documents describing the packaging and control system shall be available; Documents approved by the government; Agree to use E-MARK on the package; There should be annual supervision over the management system; When the quality system changes, it should be re examined and evaluated

Britain adopts the second management method; Germany, France and other countries adopt the third management method; Some countries in northern and Western Europe have strong data and graphics processing functions, such as Sweden, the Netherlands and other countries adopt the fourth method

unlike the management in the United States, which can be customized according to actual needs, in Europe, due to the use of e-target, the government generally rarely inspects quantitatively packaged goods in the market, but it absolutely does not restrict the government's supervision of quantitatively packaged goods in the market. Government departments can carry out inspection in the market according to work needs or consumer complaints. If problems are found, they should go to the enterprise for further inspection; If the enterprise is not under the jurisdiction of the local government department, the local government department shall be informed of the inspection in the market, and the local government department shall inspect the enterprise in order to obtain the equivalent resistance information of the friction pair in the process of friction and wear

in Germany and other countries, enterprises should be randomly selected at least once a year. Enterprises also need cross industry collaborative innovation to realize the inspection of government departments, and pay certain fees for assessment. For example, if the product packaging and net content are unqualified, they will also be punished

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