The hottest revitalization plan will boost the bas

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Revitalization plan promotes the basic realization of industrial modernization in 2040

the academic seminar on China's industrial modernization jointly organized by the Economics Department of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the social science literature press was held in Beijing on March 1. The conference released the blue book on industrialization, which analyzed and evaluated the modernization level of 15 key industries in China. The blue book points out that China's industrial modernization will be basically realized around the 1940s

Huang Qunhui, the main member of the research group and deputy director of the scientific research bureau of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that in response to the financial crisis, China has recently launched a plan for the adjustment and revitalization of ten major industries. From a certain point of view, it can be regarded as a strategic plan for the modernization of various industrial industries. The strategic core of the further development of China's industry is to actively promote the process of industrial modernization in the process of accelerating the pace of industrialization. At this time, putting forward the revitalization plan undoubtedly plays an important role in promoting the modernization process of China's industry

with regard to the promotion of China's industrial modernization process, Gu Qiang, deputy director of the planning department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, put forward several aspects that need attention: first, industrialization and informatization; Second, military civilian integration, military industry and private enterprises expand and promote each other; Third, the interactive development of large companies, large groups and small enterprises; Fourth, state-owned and non-state-owned enterprises jointly promote and develop; Fifth, traditional industries and modern industries promote each other. In addition, it also includes two markets and two resources

low degree of organization rationalization delays the modernization process

the 15 industries selected by the modernization level index published in the industrialization blue book include coal industry, petroleum industry, power industry (including power equipment), pharmaceutical manufacturing, communication equipment manufacturing, computer manufacturing with horizontal host structure, automobile industry, chemical industry, machine tool industry, iron and steel industry, cement industry, shipbuilding industry Food industry, textile industry, paper industry, etc. The selection of these industries has the characteristics of high correlation and important strategic significance and position in China's economic development. The total industrial added value of these 15 industries accounts for about 60% of the total industrial added value, accounting for about a quarter of the total GDP. Experts pointed out that at the end of the Tenth Five Year Plan period, the overall level of China's industrial modernization has exceeded one third of the international most advanced level. Accelerating the formulation and implementation of the revitalization plan of relevant industries, improving the modernization level of China's important industries, and accelerating the process of China's industrial modernization are of great significance to get rid of the financial crisis and enhance China's economic strength

the blue book points out that although the modernization levels of the above-mentioned 15 industries are different, the factors that hinder the modernization process of each industry and their degree of obstruction are also different, but there are many problems that all industries face together. These include: low labor productivity, excessive dependence on foreign sources of industrial technology, insufficient R & D investment, weak independent innovation ability, independent R & D ability of advanced technology to be cultivated, industrial sustainable development ability to be improved, increasing challenges of resource and environmental constraints, low degree of rationalization of industrial organization, low-level repeated construction in various industries, overall overcapacity, small scale of individual enterprises and other problems

the coal industry is representative. Through the determination and comparative analysis of various indicators of coal industry modernization at home and abroad, the comprehensive index of China's coal industry modernization level is finally calculated as 23.1. This means that the modernization level of China's coal industry is roughly equivalent to 23% of the world's advanced level. Judging from the value of the evaluation index, there is a significant gap between the coal industry and the foreign advanced level in terms of production and operation efficiency, technical level, internationalization degree, rationalization degree of industrial organization and environmental protection level. According to experts' analysis, the main reason for the low overall modernization level of China's coal industry is that there are still a large number of township coal mines in China's coal industry, which lack economies of scale and advanced technical equipment capabilities. Just because these small coal mines "lag behind", the overall level of China's coal industry modernization is lower than the comprehensive index of China's industrial modernization level of 28.72

the key to cultivating independent innovation capability is to increase R & D investment.

the blue book points out that too much dependence on foreign technology sources, insufficient R & D investment and weak independent innovation capability have become the key to restricting the improvement of China's industrial modernization level. Therefore, compared with PLLA, cultivating independent R & D capability of advanced technology is the core task to promote China's industrial modernization process

to cultivate independent innovation ability, the key is to increase large R & D investment in the next five years. The analysis of 15 representative industrial industries in the blue book shows that the R & D investment of many industrial industries is only about 10% of the foreign advanced level. In 2003, the total amount of research and experimental development (RD) funds in China was 153.96 billion yuan, which was only equivalent to 1/16 of the United States after conversion according to the exchange rate; The proportion of R D expenditure in GDP is only 1.32%, significantly lower than the level of about 3% in the United States, Japan and South Korea; The output scale of China's manufacturing industry has accounted for 6% of the total output of the world's manufacturing industry, while the R D input of manufacturing industry only accounts for 0.3% of the total R D input of the world's manufacturing industry

more importantly, many Chinese enterprises have not combined technology introduction with independent innovation, and have repeatedly introduced technology, resulting in excessive dependence on foreign technological resources, and the industrial technological innovation ability has not been correspondingly enhanced. The lack of independent innovation ability of industrial technology will inevitably affect the upgrading of China's industry and its position in the international division of labor system in the long run

we should also see that with the sustained and rapid development of China's economy, not only the cost of introducing foreign technology is increasing, but also it is more and more difficult to obtain real advanced technology. In the future process of industrialization, the existing technology supply mode based on technology introduction and technology imitation has increasingly narrow development space. In order to maintain the continuous economic development and enhance the international competitiveness of the industry, we must turn to the technology supply mode based on independent innovation. However, according to the current technology accumulation and technology learning ability of domestic enterprises, there are still great difficulties and obstacles to successfully realize the transformation of technology supply mode. How to combine independent innovation with technology introduction, digestion and absorption, and take independent innovation as the sustainable driving force of economic growth has become an important problem that must be solved in the process of industrial modernization

accelerate the development of producer services

experts believe that to cultivate the independent innovation ability of China's industry, in addition to increasing R & D investment, from the perspective of industrial development, we should also accelerate the development of modern producer services

modern producer service industry refers to the service industry that provides guarantee services to maintain the continuity of industrial production process, promote industrial technological progress, industrial upgrading and improve production efficiency. Modern producer service industry is the result of socialized division of labor. It is a supporting service industry directly related to manufacturing. It is an emerging industry independently developed from the production service department within manufacturing. Its main function is to provide service products for different stages of the production process, which runs through the upstream, midstream and downstream links of enterprise production, including logistics, R & D, information, intermediary, finance, insurance, trade and other related services on August 22, 2014

modern producer services are important promoters of high-tech and new product research and development, and can guide technological change and product innovation in the manufacturing sector. Therefore, vigorously developing modern producer services is of great significance to the cultivation of China's industrial independent innovation ability

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